The word “plumber” dates from the Roman Empire. The Latin for lead is plumbum. Roman roofs used lead in conduits and drain pipes and some were also covered with lead, lead was also used for piping and for making baths.
In medieval times anyone who worked with lead was referred to as a plumber as can be seen from an extract of workmen fixing a roof in Westminster Palace and were referred to as plumbers “To Gilbert de Westminster, plumber, working about the roof of the pantry of the little hall, covering it with lead, and about various defects in the roof of the little hall”.
Thus a person with expertise in working with lead was first known as a Plumbarius which was later shortened to Stafford plumber. Years of training and/or experience are needed to become a skilled plumber; some jurisdictions also require that plumbers be licensed.
Some needed skills, interests, and values. Protecting health and welfare of the nation is the top priority of a plumber along with, reading drawings, and specifications to determine layout of water supply, waste, and venting systems.
Detecting faults in plumbing appliances and systems, and correctly diagnosing their causes. Installing, repairing and maintaining domestic, commercial, and industrial plumbing fixtures and systems.
Locating and marking positions for pipe connections, passage holes, and fixtures in walls and floors. Measuring, cutting, bending, and threading pipes using hand and power tools or machines. Joining pipes and fittings together using soldering techniques, compression fittings, threaded fittings, and push-on fittings.
If you’re a plumber, you’ve likely heard plenty of assumptions and guesses when it comes to your profession: Misconceptions that all you do is work with human waste, a likely Super Mario reference here and there, and, of course, butt-crack jokes.
But one thing many people may not realize is just how dangerous plumbing can be if you aren’t careful. Every day, plumbers face safety hazards.
The plumbing industry offers a wide range of occupations across six major specialisations.
Install hot/ cold water supply to bathrooms and kitchens, install hot water systems including solar systems, Connect rainwater tanks for garden irrigation and flushing toilets.
Install sanitary fixtures such as toilets, basins and sinks, Install suspended drains, waste pipes and connect to fixtures, and clear blockages in sanitary drains.
Install and test gas hot water services, heaters and cooktops, Install and test LPG and natural gas fitting lines.
Fabricate and install metal roofing, gutters and downpipes, Install skylights and vents in roofs, Work outdoors and at heights.
Dig trenches and lay stormwater and sanitary drains, Clear and repair underground drains, Install sewerage treatment systems.
Commercial plumbing deals with more than just simple faucet and pipe installation and repair.
Commercial plumbers are involved with the installation and maintenance of extensive waste removal and water supply systems for different forms of businesses and large housing complexes.
The installation work of a commercial plumbing group may include the installation of drinking fountains, bathroom and kitchen fixtures, sprinkler systems, and water and sewer lines.
When it comes to maintenance, the work performed by commercial plumbers includes fixing drain leaks and repairing burst pipes and broken water or sewer lines.
The installation of plumbing fixtures in business establishments generally requires more work than fixing home plumbing fixtures.
For example, a shopping complex probably has several bathrooms and drinking fountains spread throughout the entire structure.
Aside from bathrooms, a shopping Centre would have many kitchen facilities and restaurants. Installing, repairing, and maintaining this very complex plumbing set up can be very challenging and will require several procedures.
The commercial plumber contractor is tasked to make sure that the establishment has functional water supply and waste drainage lines.
During the installation, plumbers may have to excavate trenches and lay pipelines that link the structures piping system to the local water main and sewage system.
Professional commercial plumbers practice great care in ensuring that the water supply system is kept safe from contamination.
When the exterior plumbing systems have been set up, the commercial plumber can begin with the plumbing setup of the building’s interior.
Based on the establishment’s requirements, the plumber may install bathroom sinks and toilets, drinking fountains, kitchen sinks, and fire sprinklers.
If it is a housing complex or a hotel, he may also be tasked to install water heaters and boilers, although these tasks are usually performed by a separate cooling and heating contractor.
Commercial plumbers need to apply all the appropriate safety measures. For example, he has to make sure that the kitchen drainage is working properly and that the drinking water lines are clean and free of contaminants.
He must be familiar with all applicable health codes and regulations for commercial establishments.
Commercial plumbers also perform maintenance work, an equally essential aspect his job.
For instance, he must make sure that the drainage is free from grease and other debris that may cause blockage in food service establishments.
This is a common issue in most busy hotels and restaurants. The plumber may be called upon every now and then to clear greasy drains or to install special traps that prevent such blockages.
Nowadays, most houses and other buildings have some plumbing.
Plumbing consists of the pipes which bring water to the building and take the sewage away.
The pipes cannot always be seen as they are often put between walls or under the ground. Sinks, showers, hand basins, laundry tubs and toilets have metal or plastic pipes joined to them which go outside and connect into the sewage system under the ground.
Older plumbing systems may have earthenware (clay) pipes. If there is a problem with the plumbing and the pipes get blocked these IOs must be found. IOs are usually marked on the plumbing plan for the building, however, several holes may need to be dug before the IO is found.
The best place to start is outside the wall near the blocked fixture. (The toilet, handbasin, bath, laundry tub and kitchen sink are called fixtures because they are firmly fixed to the building.)